SUBMARINER

Project Service:

Studies & Policy Advice

Service duration: 2010–2013
s.Pro is co-coordinator and editor of the publication SUBMARINER Compendium – An Assessment of Innovative and Sustainable Uses of Baltic Marine Resources (Autumn 2012). This joint output of the SUBMARINER project provides, for the first time, a comprehensive assessment of the potential for innovative and sustainable uses of Baltic marine resources.

The current state of knowledge has been gathered and set against the backdrop of environmental, institutional and regulatory conditions for the following topics:
  • Macroalgae Harvesting & Ciltivation
  • Mussel Cultivation
  • Reed Harvesting
  • Large-Scale Microalgae Cultivation
  • Blue Biotechnology
  • Wave Energy
  • Sustainable Fish Aquaculture
  • Combinations with Offshore Wind Parks

s.Pro is also co-author and editor of the publication "SUBMARINER Roadmap. Towards blue-green economy in the Baltic Sea Region" (September 2013). Based on the findings of the Compendium, the SUBMARINER Roadmap promotes new initiatives in the field of sustainable and innovative uses of Baltic marine resources. The focus is on the key issues that require joint efforts in the Baltic Sea Region in order to enhance blue-green growth in the region while sustaining and improving its natural capital and, in particular, the Baltic Sea itself. The SUBMARINER Roadmap serves as the reference document for the SUBMARINER Network which was granted flagship status under the Priority Area “Innovation” of the revised Action Plan of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR).
Funding programme: 
Lead partner: 
Total budget: 
€ 3.6 M
Total duration: 
2010–2013
The Baltic Sea Region (BSR) faces enormous challenges including growing transport, new installations, fishery declines, severe marine pollution with excessive nutrient input and the effects of climate change. But the future is not all bleak: novel technologies and growing knowledge provide opportunities for new uses of marine ecosystems, which may in the future not only have commercial appeal but also contribute to solve environmental problems. Algae and mussel cultivation reduce nutrient inflow while providing a source for bioenergy; offshore wind farms can smartly be combined with mariculture or wave energy installations; blue biotechnology utilises substances from marine organisms for development of new products that can improve overall BSR health. All these uses and technologies have, however, not been tested sufficiently within the fragile conditions of the Baltic Sea and their cumulative impacts on the environment, economic feasibility and regional applicability are not yet fully understood.

It is thus currently difficult for decision-makers to judge which uses are most desirable and what actions are necessary to create a framework beneficial to their development while discouraging potentially damaging uses. SUBMARINER builds the road for furthering those environmentally friendly as well as economically appealing innovative uses within the BSR, thus contributing toward its aim to become a model region for sustainable sea management. It does so by:

  • Selecting “best possible” future uses: conducting a comprehensive inventory of new uses, estimating their chances and resources needed across the BSR, conducting economic and environmental impact assessments, assessing the gaps and obstacles in the legal framework, investigating market and technology aspects, and conducting an overall multi-perspective evaluation
  • Encouraging "best possible" future uses on regional scale: developing plans and roadmaps for implementation of one or more uses in several BSR regions
  • Stimulating cooperation among best possible users: connect currently disjointed constituencies through virtual and real networking, information exchange and cooperations events
  • Promoting "best possible" uses: developing economic and legal instruments, joint standards and criteria, developing incentives for wanted uses, discouraging environmentally damaging uses, developing recommendations to regional, national and transnational support programmes / structures

SUBMARINER will fulfil these goals through the work of a consortium of strong partners from all BSR countries which offer all expertise necessary for the project from their own sources. It combines centres of excellence for all new uses under discussion, regional development agencies and innovation centres as well as national environmental decision-makers. SUBMARINER is already well known to many of its target groups, including the transnational BSR networks involved in creating the path for a sustainable BSR, who have recognised SUBMARINER as a potentially important reference for their future decision-making.